Birth-ControlBirth control has many forms. The contraceptive pill is the most common option; in addition to preventing pregnancy it can regulate the menstrual cycle and relieve menstrual cramps or discomfort. Alternatives to the pill:
  • Intrauterine Device (IUD): inserted into the uterus during a gynecological visit; effective for up to five years
  • Birth Control Implant (Implanon*, Nexplanon*): inserted into the upper arm during doctor’s visit; effective for up to three years
  • Birth Control Shot: (Depo-Provera*) given every three months
  • The patch and Nuvaring are also alternatives with less daily maintenance.
Tubal ligation is a permanent form of birth control where the fallopian tubes are cut, tied or blocked by a tubal implant to prevent eggs from traveling from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes where they are normally fertilized. Tubal sterilization can be done surgically, which is commonly called “having your tubes tied” or non-surgically using implants. Implant procedures, while they are performed non-surgically, are still permanent. Scar tissue builds up to surround each implant to block eggs from passing through the fallopian tubes.